FREE Guide to Cryptocurrency Trading for Beginners – Complete Guide – Part 2 Course 102

FREE Guide to Cryptocurrency Trading for Beginners – Complete Guide – Part 2 Course 102

Course Level: 102 The basics of financial markets and instruments

What is a financial instrument?

A financial instrument is, to put it simply, an asset that can be traded. Cash, precious metals (such as gold or silver), a document confirming ownership of something (such as a company or resource), the right to deliver or receive cash, and numerous other examples are some examples. Although financial instruments can be extremely complicated, their fundamental concept is that they can all be traded regardless of what they are or what they stand for.

Various types of financial instruments exist depending on various techniques of classification. Whether they are cash instruments or derivative instruments determines how they are classified. Derivative instruments, as their name implies, derive their value from something else (like a cryptocurrency). Financial instruments can also be divided into equity- or debt-based categories.

Where do cryptocurrencies fit in, though? They could be conceived of in a variety of ways and fall under a variety of headings. They might be categorized simply as digital assets. However, creating a completely new financial and economic system is where cryptocurrencies’ real promise resides.

Cryptocurrencies represent a brand-new class of digital assets in this regard. Additionally, a lot of new categories that would not normally be able to form may do so as the ecosystem changes. There are already early examples of this in the Decentralized Finance (DeFi) sector.

What is the spot market?

Trading of financial products for “instant delivery” takes place on the spot market. Delivering simply refers to exchanging the financial instrument for cash in this situation. Although it might seem pointless to make this distinction, not all markets are instantly resolved in cash. When discussing the futures markets, for instance, the assets are delivered at a later time (when the futures contract expires).

A spot market is simply the location where trades are made “on the spot,” to put it simply. The current market price of an asset is frequently referred to as the spot price because trades are quickly completed.

What does this entail for the markets for cryptocurrencies, then? What options are available on the Binance spot market? Each of you can trade coins with the other. So, to convert your BNB to BUSD, simply visit the BNB/BUSD spot market, and presto! The BNB/BTC spot market is where you would go if you wanted to convert your BNB to BTC. Your orders will be filled, and your coins will be switched immediately. One of the simplest ways to trade cryptocurrency is through this method.

What is margin trading?

Trading through margin involves borrowing money from a third party. Trading on margin really increases outcomes, both upwards and downwards. A margin account increases the amount of capital available to traders and reduces some counterparty risk. How so? On the bitcoin market, traders can trade the same position size while holding less money.

The words “margin” and “leverage” are frequently used in reference to margin trading. Margin is the amount of money you invest (i.e., put up from your own pocket). Leverage is the amount by which you increase your profit margin. Therefore, if you utilize 2x leverage, you open a position worth twice as much as your margin. You open a trade that is four times the value of your margin when you employ 4x leverage, and so on.

Be mindful of liquidation, though. The liquidation price is closer to your entrance price the more leverage you utilize. You run the danger of losing all of your margin if you’re liquidated. Therefore, before beginning to trade on margin, be well conscious of the huge dangers involved. Before you begin, the Binance Margin Trading Guide is a crucial resource.

The stock, commodities, and forex markets, as well as those for Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies, all use margin trading extensively. In a more conventional situation, an investment broker would offer the borrowed monies. In the case of cryptocurrencies, the exchange frequently lends money in exchange for a financing fee. However, in some other circumstances, the borrowed money might come directly from other platform traders. Due to the rate being set by a free market, it will typically have a variable interest rate (funding fee).
We have now provided a quick explanation of margin trading, but there is always more to learn. What is margin trading?

What is the derivatives market?

Financial assets known as derivatives derive their value from something else. This could be a single asset or a collection of assets. Stocks, bonds, commodities, market indices, or cryptocurrency are the most popular sorts.
In essence, the derivative product itself is a contract between various parties. The underlying asset that serves as the benchmark determines its price. The main idea is that the derivative product receives its value from whichever asset is utilized as this reference point. Futures contracts, option contracts, and swaps are a few typical types of derivatives products.

The derivatives market is among the largest markets, according to some estimations. How so? Essentially any financial instrument is susceptible to derivatives, including derivatives themselves. Derivatives can, in fact, be produced from other derivatives. Derivatives can then be made from other derivatives, and so on. Does this seem like a fragile house of cards about to collapse? This might not be entirely false, though. Some contend that the 2008 Financial Crisis was significantly influenced by the derivatives market.ves, more precise approaches to considering the price of cryptoassets might emerge.

What are forward and futures contracts?

A futures contract is a kind of derivatives instrument that enables traders to make predictions about how much an asset will cost in the future. It entails a commitment on the side of the parties to complete the transaction at a later time, or the “expiry date.” The underlying asset for a contract like this can be any asset, as we’ve discussed with derivatives. Typical examples are equities, bonds, commodities, and cryptocurrencies.

A futures contract’s expiration date is the final day on which trading can still take place for that particular contract. The contract expires to the most recent traded price at the conclusion of that day. The contract’s settlement is predetermined and can either be paid for in cash or received in person.
The contract’s underlying asset is directly swapped when it is physically delivered. For instance, oil barrels are delivered. When it is paid in cash, only the value that the underlying asset represents is transferred (in the form of cash or cryptocurrency).

What are perpetual futures contracts?

The price of an asset can be speculated on through futures products, which are a great tool for traders. What happens, though, if they desire to keep their job after the expiration date?
enter contracts for perpetual futures. They have one major advantage over a typical futures contract: they never expire. In this manner, traders are free to make price predictions for the underlying asset without being concerned with expiration.

However, this has its own set of issues. What if the perpetual futures contract’s price deviates significantly from the value of the underlying asset? The perpetual futures market may have a huge, ongoing gap with the spot market because there is no expiration date.

Because of this, perpetual futures contracts include an intertrade financing cost. Imagine that the spot market is trading lower than the perpetual futures market. If the funding rate is positive, long positions (buyers) will be responsible for covering the financing costs incurred by short positions (sellers). As a result, purchasers are encouraged to sell, which lowers the contract’s price and brings it closer to the spot price. The financing rate will be negative, on the other hand, if the perpetual futures market is trading at a discount to the spot market. This time, shorts compensate longs to encourage contract price increases.

In summary, longs pay shorts if financing is positive. In a financing environment, shorts compensate longs.
The popularity of perpetual futures contracts among Bitcoin and cryptocurrency traders is enormous. What Are Perpetual Futures Contracts? has further information on these contracts if you’re interested.

What are options contracts?

A sort of derivatives instrument called an options contract allows traders the choice, but not the responsibility, to purchase or sell an asset at a specified price in the future. Trading parties are not required to settle options contracts, which is the primary distinction between a futures contract and an options contract.
Traders bet on the price moving in a particular way when they purchase an options contract.
Call options and put options are the two categories of options contracts. A put option wagers on the price falling, whereas a call option wagers on the price rising.

Options contracts can be based on a wide range of financial assets, including market indices, commodities, stocks, cryptocurrencies, and more, just like other derivatives products.

Options contracts can be used to implement extremely sophisticated trading strategies and risk management techniques, such hedging. When it comes to cryptocurrencies, miners who wish to insure their substantial coin holdings may find options to be the most helpful. In this way, people are better guarded against situations that can have a negative effect on their finances.

What is the foreign exchange (Forex) market?

Traders can convert one currency into another in the foreign exchange (Forex, FX) market. In essence, the foreign exchange market is responsible for setting global currency exchange rates.
Frequently, we may consider currencies to be “safe haven” assets. The word “stablecoin” itself should, in principle, suggest that the asset is immune to volatility. Although this is partially accurate, there can be huge market changes involving currencies. Why is that? Well, supply and demand also affect the value of currencies. Additionally, they might be impacted by geopolitical factors, inflation, or other market pressures connected to international commerce and investment.

What is the process of the Forex market? Investment banks, central banks, commercial organizations, investment businesses, hedge funds, and individual Forex traders can all trade currency pairs. Global currency conversions for settlements in international trade are also made possible by the Forex market.

Forex traders frequently employ day trading techniques to increase their profits, such as scalping with leverage. Later on in this essay, we’ll go over exactly how that operates.
One of the key pillars of the contemporary, global economy as we know it is the Forex market. The largest and most liquid financial market in the world is actually the forex market.

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What are leveraged tokens?

Leveraged tokens are tradable assets that can give you leveraged exposure to a cryptocurrency’s price without requiring you to manage a leveraged position as is typically the case. As a result, you are free from concern regarding margin, collateral, funding, and liquidation.
Leveraged tokens are a cutting-edge financial product that can only exist because of blockchain technology. Leveraged tokens were first presented by the derivatives exchange FTX, although different versions have subsequently emerged. Tokenizing open leveraged positions is still the core concept driving them, though. Why does this matter?
Open perpetual futures positions are represented by leveraged tokens in a tokenized manner. Recall how we talked about the creation of derivatives from derivatives? Given that they derive their value from futures holdings, which are also derivatives, leveraged tokens are a great example.

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